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How to Change a Flat Tire

How to Change a Flat Tire

When you are traveling on a highway, the last thing you would want is to get stranded due to a flat tire. However, you can turn things in your favor and get back on the road without external help if you know how to change a flat tire. For those who don’t know this skill, we have provided a step-by-step guide on how to change a flat tire.  

Be Prepared 

You will need a few things to change a flat tire:

  • Jack 
  • Car manual 
  • Spare tire 
  • Lug wrench 
  • Wheel wedges

Make sure all the things mentioned above are in your car at all times.

Pick a Safe Parking Spot 

If you face a flat tire situation on the road, find a safe parking spot. Don’t park your car on the grass or on an incline. Find a straight stretch of the road and park the car on flat steady ground. 

Secure Your Car

After parking the car, turn off the engine. Engage the parking brake. Place the wheel wedges on the opposite side of the car that is to be raised. For example, if the front wheel has a flat tire, use the wedges on the rear wheels. Turn on the hazard lights. 

Remove the Hubcap

The hub cap covers the lug nuts which secure the tire. To remove the flat tire, you need to remove the lug nuts. To get to the lug nuts, remove the hubcap. You can use a flathead screwdriver to pop off the hubcap. 

Loosen the Lug Nuts

Take the wrench and place it on the lug nut. You need to turn the wrench in a counter-clockwise direction to loosen the lug nuts. Don’t take off the lug nuts from the lug bolts as yet.

Place the Jack Under the Car 

Read the car manual to find the right jacking points. Place the jack at the right position under the car and crank/pump the jack to raise the car. The flat tire should be raised a few inches off the ground for safe removal.

Remove the Flat Tire

Unscrew the loosened lug nuts by hand, remove them and set them aside. Dismount the flat tire and set it aside.

Install the Spare Tire

Lift the tire and align the lug nut openings with the lug bolts on the front hub. Push the spare tire inwards so that lug nuts protrude out of the nut openings. Put the lug nuts on the lug bolts and tighten them by hand.

Lower the Car

Use the jack to lower the vehicle. The newly fitted tire should be touching the ground completely. Remove the jack and use the lug wrench to finish tightening the bolts. Put all the equipment back in the vehicle.

If you don’t want to be stranded on the highway for hours due to a flat tire, be proactive and learn how to change a flat tire. This step-by-step guide covers all the steps required to do the job in a safe manner.